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Learn what you dont know that you dont know about computers

To watch the full live event or recording of this training click on the below link: (Points 1-5)

or version 2 (Points 1-5 repeated)

and Session 2 (Points 6-8)

and Session 3 (Points 9-12)

and Session 4 (Points 13-15)


I have also put links after each of the points below, where they start in the recording. But unfortunately because Google have removed the functionality to put a stop point in a Youtube video in a link, each of the below links to the recording of the live online training start at the correct point but will play to the end of the video. So, after watching the bit you want to see, you will have to stop the playing of the video yourself. Do so by closing that tab on your browser by clicking in the X on the browser tab.

Where ther are link to the video will be the words “See video from that point”

1. Alternative ways of scrolling

Why do you use scrolling? Ways you already use? Top and bottom of Scroll bars See Video from that point

Why is is the length of the slider in the scroll bar different in different documents? See Video from that point

2. What the keys you have never used on the keyboard do and how they can save you time

Graphic layout of keyboard on desktop computer as well as Laptop computer

NOTE: What is described below may not work with all programs because different programs are written by different programers who have different opinions as to how things should be done (even working in the same company, like Microsoft)

Why are the keys layed out the way the way they are ie qwerty as opposed to abcdef? See video from that point

What happens when you press a key, vs Holding down a key? See video from that point

Which keys have you never used? See video from that point

  1. - Shift and Caps Lock? See video from that point
  2. - Esc. It can closes a popup window or close a menu See video from that point
  3. - Function Keys - Can do different things depending, Used in combinations with other keys, shift, Ctl and Alt, Windows Key, Fn (on a laptop) The Fn in combination Function keys on a laptop computer does what is also written on the function keys. See video from that point re Fn key
  4. - The arrow key within text eg up arrow See video from that point
  5. - The convention in written text when using multiple keys at the same time is to use the + symbol. eg. Ctl + Alt + Del means whilst holding down the Ctl and Alt keys press the Del Key.
  6. - Windows Eg of Function Key Alt + F4 closes a window. See video from that point re Fn key
  7. - Pause/Break key. Used to be used in DOS screen to stop text rolling up screen. Not necessary in GUI environment
  8. - Print Sc key. In old DOS days actually sent to the printer what was on the screen. In windows copies the screen or window (Alt + Prt Sn to the clipboard) What is the clipboard? See video from that point
  9. - Delete key. How is it different to the Backspace key? Why would you use it? See video from that point
  10. - Insert Key. How does it change the behavior when entering text? (Not in all programs) See video from that point
  11. - Home key. Move to the the beginning of the current line. With the Ctl key top of document See video from that point and
  12. - End key. Move to the the end of the current line. With the Ctl key bottom of document See video from that point and
  13. - CTL and Alt keys. Change the behavior of pressing other keys eg see above line. Usally do nothing by them self See video from that point
  14. - Find out what CTL and Alt keys do with other keys See video from that point
  15. - ALt key when menus are showing See video from that point or with another key See video from that point
  16. - Shift + arrow keys on text, Selects text See video from that point
  17. - Windows and Menu keys. Same as for CLt and Alt key but do, do somthing when pressed by them self See video from that point

Why are ther 2 of some key? like Arrows, +,-,Pgup, Pgdn, …..See video from that point

What is faster to use, Mouse or Keyboard?

3. Keyboard and key Shortcuts

See video from that point

Keyboard shortcuts are ways to use keyboard that would otherwise be done with the mouse. Within programs whenever a menu is present, when holding down the Alt key and then pressing the first letter of a menu item, that function will activated. eg. Alt + F will activate the file function in many programs.

When a menu list of items is shown often a letter will be underlined indicating that pressing that letter will activate that function. eg in Most File menus pressing the S key will achieve the Save function.

Combinations of Key functions can be used. eg in Notepad, Wordpad or Microsoft Word Whilst holding down the Alt Key and then pressing the F key, then followed by the S key will save the current document.

In addition to the underlined items on menus some menu items have a key combination shown to the right of the menu items description. Without opening the menu pressing that key combination will activate the function without having to use the Menu. egs to Copy Ctl +C, to paste Ctl + V.

In some programs just pressing a key by itself can activate a function. eg in The Kodi media center program pressing the X key will exit the current function

The Windows operating system itself has shortcuts. See

See video from that point or

See video from that point

In many cases whenever a list of data items is being displayed pressing a letter key will position on the first item that starts with that letter. Eg. In Windows Explorer or File Explorer, in the files pane pressing the g key will position on the first item that starts with g. Continuing to press keys in quick succession will position on those items that start with those letters. eg. typing geo will position on the first items that starts with geo. Doing this is called incremental search because the search progresses the more keys you type (increment). This can be many times faster than scrolling with a mouse.

Create Your own Shortcuts

Many programs allow you to create you own shortcuts or alter existing shortcuts, so that you can just press one or a few key to do a function or a series of functions.

This can often be achieved by using the programs keyboard mapping function and or using macros. Macros are just series of keystrokes or mouse functions that are stored so that they can be replayed at a certain time. They can be done within certain programs, eg most of the Microsoft Office programs, open Office or Libra Office or by dedicated macro programs that can be used with all programs. Some Macro programs can record the keyboard and mouse functions as you use them, then later replay then automatically as if you you where pressing the keys or moving the mouse.

If you find you are repetitively performing a series of functions it well worth while learning about macros.

4. Alternatives to typing

One alternative to typing is to copy text that already exists, if it already exists,

If it exists on your own computer or another computer you can copy it, even if it is in a graphics format, because there is software Called OCR (Optical Character Recognition) that allows graphics to be converted to text.

If the text does not already exist, rather than using the keyboard, you can use one of the many speech recognition systems that are available. One is built into Windows, called speech recognition and another is built into Google, Google speech recognition.

Learning to touch type, that is typing without looking at the keys, would take at least 10 hours and then you would only be able to type at about 20 words a minute. Learning to use speech recognition takes about 1 hour and then you can type or dictate what at about 80 words a minute. It is better to learn speech recognition.

Google Speech Recognition

5. Format text in ways you have not used before

What text formatting have you presently used? See Video from that point

Fonts, bold, underline, Italic, strike through, colour?

Combinations of the above

Vertical text, rotated text, font works, fonts as a graphic See Video from that point

Using a graphics program to create fonts and font effects See Video from that point

6. Ways of starting programs that you have not used before

How may ways do you presently no to start programs?

Here is a list of ways to start a program in Windows

See Video from that point

7.Doing multiple functions at the one time rather than one at a time

There are multiple ways of doing this.

Multiple Selection

Often when you do things on a computer, it involves selecting something and then doing a function on the selection. However it is possible to select multiple things. For example you can select multiple files so that when you delete, move or copy the files you were doing it on multiple files rather than one file at a time.

See Video from that point

It's also possible, even with text, in some programs to select multiple pieces of text and then perform the functions on it rather than selecting the text one at a time.

Grouping Items

Many programs and even Windows it's self allows you to group items together so that you can perform operations on the group of items rather than individual items. A classic example is folders.

By grouping files in folders you can use the same functions that you would use on individual files on whole folders or even groups of folders when those folders are contained within other folders.

Slightly off topic but how to set power options so that the computer does not switch it self off See Video from that point

Another example are styles in word processing. See Video from that point

Styles allow you to group characteristics of text under one style name and then by applying the style you are applying those characteristics to the text involved. For example a style could be a particular font font size colour or whatever so that when it is applied it is done with one function rather than having to set the font, the font size and the colour. See Video from that point

Some programs gave a list of items with a checkbox, rectangular box that new tick, next to them. This is similar to multiple selection and allows you to do multiple things on the items you have selected

8. Multiple ways of switching between programs

How do you currently switch between programs ?

Alt + Tab See video from that point Windows Key + Tab See video from that point

Again the keyboard is faster than the mouse

9. Viewing and using multiple windows at the same time

See video from that point

Windows normally cover other windows, but they can be resized and repositioned so that you can see multiple windows at the one time. When a window is in restore down mode, it can be resized by grabbing the borders and dragging them to the appropriate position or repositioned by grabbing its the title bar and moving it to the appropriate position.

If you run out of screen space then considering adding an additional screen. You can have multiple screens connected to a computer and use those screens in multiple ways. See video from that point

10. Use controls that you have never used before in programs

But what are controls?

They are the items that appears in a window somewhere other than text or what you type in. Here is a list of them and what they do

See video from that point

11. Use programs that came with your computer that you have never used before

What Programs are they?

See video from that point

12. Ways of using information across multiple programs and multiple devises

The old saying do not reinvent the wheel also applies to computers, but is a different way. It goes, never enter information that already exists. Just copy it

13. Find information without having to read through it

“Use the power of the force”. The force is your computer and the power is the ability for it to read any text and find it. It is the Find function that can be used in many programs

14. Using the internet without having to go back and forth through web pages

Use Tabs

15. Alternatives to printing

Modern small devices like smart phones are the equivalent to carrying thousands of pages in your pocket or hand bag. All the devices have the ability to enter text or to have information from your computer transfered to them, copied.

Save information that is not currently saved on your computer, like web pages.

Copy information to a portable devise like a phone or tablet.

In the case of photos have then shown on a slide show. Electronic photo frames that can be wall mounted,just like printed photos, can do slide shows.

Tablets do or can have slide show apps installed and can be cheaper to purchase than electronic photo frames.

When not being used as a TV, large screen TVs can be used as large electronic photo frames.

dontnodontno.txt · Last modified: 2017/06/17 11:55 (external edit)